Gerald J. Lieberman

December 31, 1925 – May 18, 1999

Brief Biography

Lieberman Presidential Gallery Portrait

Gerald Lieberman was the twenty-sevenths president of The Institute of Management Sciences (TIMS) and recipient of the George E. Kimball Medal. Lieberman received an undergraduate degree in mechanical engineering from the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art. He became an operations research statistician with degrees in mathematical statistics from Columbia University and Stanford University. In 1953, Lieberman received his PhD under the supervision of Albert H. Bowker.

Lieberman remained at Stanford and initiated the university’s PhD program in operations research in 1962. He led that program before becoming chair of the new Department of Operations Research five years later. As department chair, Lieberman brought in such renowned faculty as George B. Dantzig and graduated nineteen PhD students, including Mathew Sobel, Sheldon Ross, and Frederick Hillier, into the profession. He went on to work with a number of his former students, many of who became leaders in the next generation of operations researchers. Lieberman and Hillier, for instance, co-authored Introduction to Operations Research (1967), a seminal textbook that introduced hundreds of thousands of students to OR globally and is currently in its tenth edition.

In addition to being a successful educator, Lieberman was a productive researcher in the areas of reliability theory, statistics in engineering, stochastic operations research, and sampling inspection. His book, Engineering Statistics (1959), co-authored with Albert Bowker, has been widely used since its original publication.

After stepping down as Stanford’s operations research chair in 1975, Lieberman went on to hold other campus leadership positions including dean, chair of the Faculty Senate, and provost. Even in his administrative posts, he continued to be an active researcher and educator, all while serving on the editorial boards of three different journals. As president of TIMS, Lieberman was involved with increasing the international outreach of the society.

Lieberman received a number of honors for his service and contributions to operations research. In addition to receiving the Kimball Medal in 1996, he was awarded the Shewhart Medak of the American Society for Quality Control and was elected into the National Academy of Engineering for “significant technical contributions to quality control and reliability, and for leadership was an engineering educator.” Lieberman was presented the second annual INFORMS President’s Award in 1994.

In the 1990s, Lieberman unfortunately developed amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS/Lou Gehrig’s Disease). He passed away at age seventy-three but will always be remembered for his warmth, generosity, and academic legacy. 

Other Biographies

Bowker, A. H., Olkin, I., and Veinott, A.F., Jr., "Gerald J. Lieberman," Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences, Volume 9, 1995, pages 3-26. (link)

INFORMS. Miser-Harris Presidential Gallery: Gerald Lieberman. Accessed May 27, 2015. (link

McGraw Hill. Introduction to Operations Research: About the Authors. Accessed July 5, 2018. (link

Stanford University. The Dantzig-Lieberman Operations Research Fellowship Fund: Gerald J. Lieberman. Accessed May 27, 2015. (link)

State Education and Environment Roundtable. The EIC Model: Brief Biography Dr. Gerald A. Lieberman. (link


Cooper Union, BME 1948

Columbia University, MS 1949

Stanford University, 1953 PhD (Mathematical Genealogy


Academic Affiliations
Non-Academic Affiliations
  • G. Lieberman Consulting, LLC
  • National Bureau of Standards

Key Interests in OR/MS

Application Areas


New York Times (1999) Gerald J. Lieberman, 73, Provost at Stanford and Statistics Expert. May 21. (link

Awards and Honors

American Society for Quality Control Shewhart Medal 1972

National Academy of Engineering 1987

INFORMS President's Award 1994

George E. Kimball Medal 1996

Professional Service

The Institute of Management Sciences, President 1980-1981

Selected Publications

Lieberman G. J. & Resnikoff G. J. (1955) Sampling Plans for Inspection by Variables*. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 50(270): 457-516.

Lieberman G. J. & Solomon H. (1955) Multi-level continuous sampling plans. The Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 26(4): 686-704.

Lieberman G. J.  & Resnikoff G. J. (1957) Tables of the Non-central T-distribution: Density Function, Cumulative Distribution Function, and Percentage Points. Stanford University Press: Stanford, CA.

Hillier F. S. & Lierbamn G. J. (1967) Introduction to Operations Research. McGraw-Hill: New York. 

Lieberman G. K. & Owen D. B. (1971) Tables of the Hypergeometric Probability Distribution. Stanford University Press: Stanford, CA.

Derman C., Lieberman G. J., & Ross S. M. (1972) A sequential stochastic assignment problem. Management Science, 18(7): 349-355.

Derman C., Lieberman G. J., & Ross S. M. (1982) On the consecutive-k-of-n: F system. IEEE Transactions on Reliability, 31(1): 57-63.

Hillier F. S. & Lieberman G. J. (1990) Introduction to Mathematical Programming. McGraw-Hill: New York. 

Hillier F. S. & Lieberman G. J. (1990) Introduction to Stochastic Models in Operations Research. McGraw-Hill: New York. 

Hillier F. S., Hillier M. S., & Lieberman G. J. (2002) Introduction to Management Science: A Modeling and Case Studies Approach with Spreadsheets. Irwin/McGraw-Hill: New York.